Endangered species are animals and plants that have low populations and may be at risk of becoming extinct. You may have heard about the elephants and tigers being placed on these lists, but in the US, the grey wolf, Florida panther, monarch butterfly, several types of whales and even fish have been on the list in the past. You can also find trees, such as the Franklin tree, and plants, such as the Miccosukee gooseberry and capa rose, listed as endangered species. These are things you should know about this list.
The Endangered Species Act
You may have found local conservation efforts, such as endangered species conservation Smith County, but these species are listed in international, state and federal databases, but if they are federally listed, they are managed by the government under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. When endangered and threatened animals and plants that fall under this act, the federal government is responsible for protecting them.
When Species Are Listed
US Fish and Wildlife looks over scientific data on different species. State, local and national scientists all collect data on different plants and animals, and if they find one or several that have low population, they submit their information to the government. Although many species become candidates every year, they have to meet specific qualifications to become listed. For example, they may experience destroyed or degraded habitats, diseases or excessive predation and man-made threats, including overconsumption for commercial, scientific, educational or recreational purposes.
How They Are Protected
Of course, the primary goal is to protect the remaining population and expand it. Federal property is already protected, but private property owners may receive a federal permit that allows plants and animals to live there without being threatened by harassment, hunting or capture. The goal is to ensure these animals experience enough population growth to be delisted.
If you are interested in learning more about endangered species, consider visiting a local conservation or rescue.